89 Pictures about Rizal's Life and Work

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"Rizal House" at Kalamba City

Rizal's Paternal House
In this house José Rizal was born on June 19, 1861 and he also spent most of the time of his childhood here.
Today, the "Rizal House" is a museum and a national monument of the Philippines. Day by day there are a lot of visitors who are interested in Philippine history in general and in José Rizal in particular.
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Drawing of his Paternal House
Today José Rizal's paternal house serves as a motiv to numerous professional and amateur photographers, draftsmen, and painters.
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José Rizal's Family

Rizals Familienstammbaum
Rizal's paternal ancestor, Domingo Lam-co, was a full-blooded Chinese who came to the Philippines from Amoy, China in the closing years of the 17th. century and ne married a Chinese half-breed by the name of Inez de la Rosa. A lot of these Chinese, - you see, Rizal's ancestors were some of them - rented estates from the friars in the "hinterland" of Manila in order to cultivate crops, vegetables, and fruits. Soon they gained a central position in the cash-crop economy on the local and provincial levels
As the export economy grew and foreign contact increased, the mestizos and other members of this Filipino elite, known collectively as "ilustrados", obtained higher education (in some cases abroad, like José Rizal for example), entered professions such as law or medicine, and were particularly receptive to the liberal and democratic ideas that were beginning to reach the Philippines in the second half of the nineteenth century.
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Rizal's Father, Francisco Mercado (1818 - 1898)
His father, the rather serious looking man on this picture, was the youngest child of Juan and Cirila Mercado and he was born in Biρan, Laguna on April 18, 1818. He died in Manila in 1898. His roots stick to the Chinese mestizo families who mostly were industrious and wealthy farmers who already had gained some influence and power at the end of the Spanish era.
This bust in the "Rizal House" of Kalamba City also shows Rizal's father.
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Rizal's Mother, Teodora Mercado (1827 - 1913)
She was an intelligent, well-read, courteous, business-minded woman, ho had been hard-working all her live and never doubted in relation to her religion. She had studied in Manila at the girl's college, the "Colegio de Santa Rosa". Teodora was born in Santa Cruz, Manila on November 14, 1827 and died in Manila in 1913.
The second photo shows Rizal's mother at an age of 80 years. It was shot in 1907 - about 11 years after Rizal's execution by the Spaniards.
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Rizal's eldest Sister, Saturnina (1850-1913)
When José Rizal was a boy he could talk about everything with her - even about themes his parents did not have "urgently" to know. - But what else are elder sisters good for?
The second picture is a painting of his sister Saturina. Probably, it was painted after her marriage with Manuel Timoteo Hidalgo from Tanauan in Batangas.
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Paciano (1851-1930)
He was the only brother of José Rizal and the second child of the family. Paciano had studied at San José College in Manila where he already got in trouble with the Spanish authorities at Manila. He was the one who had adviced his "little brother" José to change his Family name from Mercado to Rizal before he had to enroll into the Ateneo Municipal College in order to avoid that "little" José immediately would get "problems" at school because of his brother. Later, Paciano became a farmer and a general of the Philippine Revolution Army led by Andres Bonifacio first and later by Emilio Aguinaldo.
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Narcisa (1852-1939)
She was the third Mercado child. She married the teacher and musician, Antonio Lopez from Morong in the (today's) Rizal province.
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Olympia (1855-1887)
Rizal's sister Olympia, the fourth child of the family, died in 1887 from childbirth. She was married with Silvestre Ubaldo.
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Lucia (1857-1919)
His sister Lucia was the fifth child of Mercado family. Her husband was Matriano Herbosa.
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Maria (1859-1945)
The sixth child of the Mercado family, Maria, married Daniel Faustino Cruz from Biρan in Laguna.
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José Rizal (1861-1896)
José, himself, was the seventh child of his parents.
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Concepcion (1862-1865)
His sister Concepcion who was born one year later than José already died at an age of only three years.
Unfortunately, we have not found any picture of her, yet.
Josefa (1865-1945)
The ninth child, Rizal' sister Josefa was an epeliptic and she never got married.
Her picture is also missing in our introduction of José Rizal's family. - Up to now we were not able yet to get a picture or a photo from her.
Trinidad (1868-1951)
The tenth child, Rizal's sister Trinidad, died as a spinster like her sister Josefa. She was the last one of Rizal's brothers and sisters to die.
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Soledad (1870-1929)
José Rizal's youngest sister, Soladad, the "chick" of the family, died at an age of 59 as the wife of Pantaleon Quintero.
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Rizal's Cousin
She is shown on this photo. He had a close relationship to her and they treated eachother more as friends than as relatives.
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José Rizal's Youth in the Phlippines

The Boy
José Rizal at the age of 11 years.
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The Padres Burgos, Gomez, and Zamora
These three Padres were shot by the Spaniards in connection with the "Cavite Rebellion" in 1872 when José Rizal was almost 11 years old. Although he still was a boy when they were executed their destiny determined all his life and his later deeds.
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The Teenager
José Rizal at the age of 16 years when he was a student at the Ateneo Municipal in Manila. This school still excists and it has an excellent reputation not only in the Philippines.
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Ateneo Municipal
The Ateneo Municipal at Manila had been established by the Jesuits in 1859 and at the end of the 19th. century it passed for the school with the most developed study methods in the Philippines.
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Dormetory
In former times the Ateneo Municipal at Manila had been a dormetory for its enrolled students. According to our modern point of view its impression is not very "inviting" at all. José Rizal belonged to the pupils who "were allowed to take their residence" there. The photo shows one of the entrance doors of the school.
But Intramuros and the school looked gloomy to José, and, finally, he found lodging outside, in the house of a spinster situated on Calle Carballo in the district of Santa Cruz.
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Rizal's Handwriting
José Rizal had an excellent handwriting.
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Sacred Heart
This wooden sculpture was carved by Rizal while he was a student at the Ateneo Municipal. Probably it was made at any time in the period from 1875 till 1877.
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The Student
As a young student he wore the uniform of the Santo Tomás University at Manila. This university also still exists nowadays,and it belongs to the best universities in the Philippines.
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Leonor Valenzuela
A girl named Segunda Katigbak was Rizal's puppy love. Unfortunately, his "first love" was already engaged to his town-mate, Manuel Luz. After his short admiration for Segunda he met Leonor Valenzuela, a tall girl from Pagsanjan. Rizal sent her some love notes written in invisible ink, that only could be deciphered over the heat of a lamp or a candle. He still visited her on the eve of his departure to Spain and bade her a last farewell.
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José Rizal
At the age of 18 years he started his studies at the University of Santo Tomás at Manila.
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José Rizal
as a student of the "Royal and Pontifical University of Santo Tomás" (since 1645), where he had studied the subjects "Human Medicine" besides of the "Fine Arts" and "Literature".
Later he went on with his studies during his stay in Europe. After he had finished his studies in Madrid he was specialized as an oculist at famous University of Heidelberg and at the the Humboldt University in Berlin (Germany).
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Ilayastreet
During his studies at the Santo Tomás University he had been living in this house in 176, Iyala Street at Manila.
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Lady of Antipolo
As a good and religious Filipino Rizal certainly also had visited the "Lady of Antipolo" before he embarked the ship to Europe. In the believe of the Filipinos the Saint Virgin is able to grant to all travellers a good voyage and a safe return at home again.
Even nowadays there are a lot of Filipinos who do not dare to leave the country before having visited "their" Lady of Antipolo.
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Leonor Rivera
This crayon sketch painted by José Rizal himself shows Leonor, the probable true and only real love of his life.
She had been his sweetheart for 11 years at least and she was the woman who kept him back from seriously falling in love with other women during his travel to Europe. Unfortunately, Leonor's mother did not agree with her daughter's relationship with Rizal, since he was a well-known "filibustero". So she hid all letters from Leonor that her sweetheart had sent. Leonor, believing that Rizal had already forgotten her, finally sadly consented with her mother to get married to the Englishman Henry Kipping, who had been her mother's choice.
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José Rizal's first Sojourn in Europe

Rizal-Trilogy
This collage shows Rizal three times from the beginning in 1882 till the end in 1889 during his stay in Europe, in Hongkong, and in Japan.
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Universidad Central de Madrid
This is the building of the Central University at Madrid where Rizal finished his studies in Medicine, Philosophy and Literature from 1882 till 1885.
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Propagandists
Here are some members of the Filipino propaganda movement who published the newspaper "La Solidaridad" at Barcelona. Rizal, too, wrote some articles for the newspaper during his stay in Europe.
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José Rizal
In the age of 24 years he finished his studies of Medicine, Philosophy and, Literature at the Universidad Central de Madrid.
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Drafts
During his stay in Europe José Rizal made a lot of drafts. Here you can see two of them. Most probably these were made during his stay in Spain. Some of them, like this ones, even were found in his diaries.
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Stay in Germany
This map of Germany shows the routes and the places Rizal took respectively visited during his stay and studies in Germany.
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Heidelberg
At the famous University of Heidelberg below the old castle José José Rizal had studied ophthalmology for about one year.
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José Rizal
At the age of 25 years when he was enrolled at the University of Heidelberg (Germany) in order to specialize in ophthalmology.
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Wilhelmsfeld
José Rizal took his residence in this small village near Heidelberg while he was studying at the University of Heidelberg.
The European chapters of the "Knights of Rizal" built up this monument at Wilhelmsfeld in honor of the national hero of the Philippines.
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Loreley
This old postcard shows the Loreley Rock on the Rhine River approximately the way it looked like when Rizal visited the Loreley.
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Wilhelmsfeld in the Winter Season
Certainly not only the Rizal-Statue "enjoys" the winter season in Germany. It is sure José Rizal himself, too, experienced ice and snow. (Photo: December 30, 1996 - 100th year of Rizal's death)
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"Noli me Tangere"
José Rizal wrote it in Europe and the first edition of the book showing this cover had been published at Berlin. The first edition of 2.000 issues was published in February 1887.
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Pen
Of course there are entitled doubts that José Rizal wrote his first book with this pen but without any doubt he did use it for some of his writings.
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José Rizal back in Asia

Visa of Hongkong
He also made some trips through East Asian countries. For example he visited Hongkong several times in order to see his friend and advicer José Maria Basa. Here is one of Rizal's a visa of Hongkong.
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José Maria Basa
He was one of the poeple who had to go to exile as a result of the execution of Fathers Burgos, Gomez, and Zamora in 1872. He became a resident of Hongkong and adviced and assisted Rizal a lot in his propaganda work.
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O Sei Kiyo San
Rizal met her during his one and a half month stay in Japan from February 28 till April 13, 1888. O Sei San, a Japanese samurai's daughter, taught Rizal the Japanese art of painting known as su-mie and she also helped him to improve his knowledge of Japanese language. If Rizal was a man without any patriotic mission, he would have married this beautiful, loving, and intelligent woman and stayed with her in Japan. Besides, the Spanish legation there even had offered him a lucrative job that would had guaranteed a stable and happy life in the country.
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Rizal Painting
José Rizal as a young man in his studies.
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José Rizal's second Sojourn in Europe

"El Filibusterismo"
His second novel, "El Filibusterismo", also had been written in Europe and the first edition was published in Gent (Belgium) in 1889.
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Suzanne Jacoby
In 1890, Rizal moved to Brussels because of the high cost of living in Paris. In Brussels, the capital of Belgium, he lived in the boarding house of the two Jacoby sisters from February 2 till August 1, 1890. Very soon, Suzanne Jacoby and José Rizal fell deeply in love with each other. Suzanne cried a lot when Rizal left Brussels and she still often wrote to him when he already had been in Madrid.
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"Prometeus bound"
A statue made by José Rizal about a subject of the Greek mythology. Prometeus, the son of the Greek Titans was bound on a rock in Kaukasus. An eagle always ate his growing again liver till he was freed by Herakles.
This statue was made in Brussels in 1890 and it was his gift to his friend Dr. Blumentritt at Leitmeritz in Austria (today the place belongs to the Czech Republic).
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"Triumph of Science over Death"
This sculpture is made of plaster and it was also given to Professor Ferdinand Blumentritt. This work proves his talents in arts and - according to the theme - it also points out his desire for freedom. Rizal made the sulpture in Brussel in 1890, too.
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Nellie Bousteau
Rizal almost married her in 1891, after learning that "his" Leonor Rivera got married to another man.
After the lost of Leonor Rivera, Rizal enjoyed himself by courting other girls and women. While he had been a guest of the Bousteau family at their residence in the resort city of Biarritz (Southern France), he had befriended the two pretty daughters of his host, Eduardo Bousteau. Rizal used to fence with the sisters at the studio of Juan Luna. Antonio Luna, Juan's brother and also a frequent visitor of the Bousteaus, also courted Nellie at that time but she felt more attracted to Rizal. Once, during a party, celebrated by some Filipinos in Madrid, the drunken Antonio Luna uttered unsavory remarks against Nellie Bousteau. This immediately prompted Rizal to challenge Antonio into a duel. Fortunately, next morning Luna apologized to Rizal, thus averting a tragedy for the compatriots.
However, Rizal's love affair with Nellie did not end into marriage and it mainly failed because Rizal refused to be converted to the Protestant religion, as Nellie and her family demanded. Too, Nellie's mother did not like the idea a physician without enough paying patients to become her son-in-law. Nervertheless, the lovers parted as good friends when Rizal left Europe.
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"Luna Family"
In 1891 the national hero of the Philippines painted the Luna Family.
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José Rizal back in the Philippines

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José Rizal after his return from Europe. According to his excellent results in his studies and his professional formation he could had started a bright future if... the Spaniards had not be around.
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Oilamp
In the dim light of an oillamp he had time to read. - But on this lamp here there is engraved his last poem, "Mi Ultimo Adios" (My last Farewell). - Consequently, he certainly was using an other lamp but similar one to this.
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Library
His private collection of all kind of literature offered to him a lot of reading matters. The shown bookcase just contains a small selection of his complete library.
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First Edition
Certainly the first edition of his novel "Noli me Tangere" was among all the books of his personal library. - And without any doubt (although it was forbidden by the Spanish cencorship) he had taken it in his hands more than once.
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"Father Pablo"
This painting, painted by Rizal, shows Father Pablo..
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"Woman"
Who is the woman here who ws drawn in pencil by Rizal?
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"Segunda Katigbak ?"
Does this ink drawing show the picture of his puppy love?
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"Specimen"
This sitting girl and the lying dog are made of clay.
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"Wild boar"
The clay statue of a wild boar formed by Rizal in Dapitan.
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"Dapitan Girl"
Model of a head of a Dapitan girl made by Rizal during his banishment to Mindanao.
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"Rizal's Sculpture"
He also made a sculpture showing himself while working.
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"Josephine Sleeping"
Clay model of the his wife made by Rizal in Dapitan around 1895.
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"Padre F. José Guerrico"
He also molded a bust showing his close friend, Padre Guerrico, whom he deserves a lot. It was made in Dapitan in 1894.
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Josephine Bracken
She loved Rizal and stood by his side up to his last hour.
In the last days of February 1895, while still had to stay in Dapitan, Rizal met an 18-year old Irish girl with bold blue eyes, brown hair, and a happy disposition. It was Josephine Bracken, the adopted daughter of George Taufer from Hongkong, who had come to Dapitan to seek Rizal for eye treatment. Rizal was physically attracted to her. His loneliness and boredom must have taken the measure of him and what could be a better diversion than to fall in love again. But first the Rizal sisters suspected Josephine to be an agent of the friars and they considered her as a serious danger of Rizal's security.
Nevertheless, Rizal asked Josephine to marry him, but due to her responsibility to the blind Taufer she was not immediately able to make a decision. Since Taufer's blindness was untreatable, he left for Hongkong again in March 1895. So Josephine stayed with Rizal's family in Manila for some weeks. Upon her return to Dapitan, Rizal tried to arrange their marriage with the local priest, Father Antonio Obach. However, the priest denied Rizal's wish unless Rizal's retraction from his words and writings out of the past. That was the precondition of the priest before marrying them. Upon the advice of his family and friends and with Josephine's consent Rizal took her as his wife even without the Church blessings. Josephine later gave a prematured birth to a stillborn baby as a result of some incidences, that might have shocked or frightened her.
The first photo shows Josephine when Rizal met her first in Dapitan, and on the second photo she is already pregnant.
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"José Rizal"
When José Rizal was arrested he had been in his prime age and he was just 35 years old.
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Accusation
The accusation of the Spaniards smashed all his dreams about a better future - not just for him but mainly for his native country.
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Rizal's Prison
Entrance to the cells where José was brought after he had been arrested onboard of the ship that had brought him back from Barcelona since Rizal had volunterly enrolled himself as a military physician of the Spanish Army in the Cuba War.
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Cell
This is the cell of José Rizal where he had been emprisoned during the lawsuit against him and till he was brought to his public execution on the Bagumbayan Field.
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Rizal in Fort Santiago
During the night before he was shot on December 30, 1896 he still had been able to write his last and most famous poem "Mi Ultimo Adios" (My last Farewell).
Today, there is a statue of the author in Fort Santiago that had "served" as his prison.
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"Mi Ultimo Adios"
Photo of the original manuscript of his most famous poem.
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Rizal's Execution
Rizal was shot on the Bagumbyan Field in front of the city wall of Intramuros (the historical part of Manila) on December 30, 1896 by the Spaniards because of betrayal of the country.
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Execution
Also leading members of the militant and violant "Katipunan" whose means Rizal never had accepted were executed in public at the same place.
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Rizal's Grave
This photo shows the former grave of José Rizal at the city wall of Intramuros where he had ben buried till the end of World War II. After the destruction of the historic Manila during the war he was buried in an other grave.
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Rizal Day
Float at Manila on December 30, 1922, on the socalled Rizal Day.
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Rizal Monument
The monument of Rizal in the Rizal Park at Manila, too, is always especially decorated on the Rizal Day. Already in 1922 there hardly was any difference to the today's celebrations.
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Marble Hall
In the Marble Hall of the government's palace in the Philippines there are a lot of Rizal busts and statues.
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In Memory
of the novels written by Rizal there are a lot of monuments all over the country where Rizal ever had spent more or less days of his life time.
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Rizal Park
The "Big Flag" is the symbol of Philippine's liberty and freedom. You will find it directly opposite of the Rizal Monument.
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Honor Guard
in front of the Rizal Monument that is going to remind all Filipinos forever at the merits of their most important national hero.
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Memorial Tablet
At the entrance of José Rizal's paternal house at Kalamba City there is this tablet in order to honor the national hero of the Philippines for his contribution for freedom of the country.
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NOTE:. . . The "Rizal-Gallery" above does not pretend to be a well investigated scientifical research according to any work of historians of arts or of any specialized historians who have been working on the history of Rizal for many years.

We just would like to give a brief survey of the life and the merits of Rizal to "innocent" people who are interested by any reason. Nevertheless, we will be thankful to any "experts" who support us in a constructive way. You might contact us either by e-mail or by the "Rizal Forum" that we have installed on our website.

Already in advance we thank you for your cooperation

Sincerely Your RMS & GS TEAM

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